November 2020 marked the 75th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials. The University of Georgia School of Law's repository contains many records from the Phillips Nuremberg Trials Collection, including photographs, video, indictments, closing arguments, and more. These legal records were presented to the University by Brig. Gen. Eugene Phillips, a 1939 graduate of the Henry W. Grady School of Journalism.  Following World War II, he served as a Military Government public information chief at the Nuremberg War Crimes trials.

Presented here is the Souvenir set of Nuremberg War Crimes Trials photos. A picture from every trial, including the International Military Tribunal. 55 photos in all. The text for each photograph is taken from the four-page index which accompanied the photographs. The text was entered exactly as typed except when indicated by square [ ] brackets.

Nuremberg Trials Video Collection
Nuremberg Trials Video Collection

Phillips Nuremberg Trials Collection –PR office footage video

Duration: 17 minutes 57 seconds

The video presents various clips:
  • Scene from the Medical Case with Dr. Karl Brandt.
  • General Telford Taylor (no sound)
  • The defendants, judges, and audience at the High Command case (no sound)
  • Exterior scenes of the Palace of Justice including the security checkpoint (no sound)
  • Statements by some of the defendants in the High Command case
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Phillips Nuremberg Trials Collection – trial evidence video

Duration: 1 hour 4 minutes

This video was presented in evidence during Trial 3, the Justice Case. In the aftermath of the July 20, 1944 failed assassination attempt on Adolph Hitler, over 200 individuals were tried for their involvement, real or actual, in the plot. Many of the trials took place in the People's Court. The court was established in 1934 by Hitler because he had been dissatisfied with the outcome of the Reichstag Fire Trial; only one of the defendants had been convicted. The People's Court operated outside the constitutional legal framework and had jurisdiction over a broad array of political offenses. Work slowdowns and defeatism became crimes as they were viewed as a "disintegration of defensive capability." These types of crimes were often punished by death. Approximately 90% of all proceedings ended with a death sentence or life imprisonment. Judge-President Roland Friesler, appointed in August 1942, was particularly notorious for the number of death sentences handed out after perfunctory judicial proceedings. One of the most well-known cases was that of Sophie Scholl, a German student and member of the White Rose non-violent resistance group. She was convicted of high treason after having been found distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich. The trial of Sophie, her brother Hans, and their friend Christoph Probst, lasted less than an hour. They were all executed by guillotine within hours of the convictions. During his two and half years on the People's Court, Friesler imposed 2600 death sentences. Freisler was known for humiliating defendants and shouting at them. The video shows his treatment of the accused conspirators in the July 20 plot. They were never allowed to consult with their attorneys nor did Friesler even allow them to make statements. Friesler died on February 3, 1945. An American bomb made an almost direct hit on the court. He allegedly adjourned the session but rather than evacuate he stopped to gather that day's files. His body was reportedly found crushed beneath a fallen masonry column, clutching the files that he had tried to retrieve. The Transcript http://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/nmt... of the video illustrates that in the People's Court the Judge-President frequently acted as prosecutor, denouncing defendants, then immediately pronouncing the verdict and sentence.
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Photo 1902 - View of the Main Courtroom

Photo 1902 - View of the Main Courtroom

Photo 1913 - Typical Cell

Photo 1913 - Typical Cell

Photo 1912 - Interior view

Photo 1912 - Interior view

Photo 1911 - View of Palace of Justice

Photo 1911 - View of Palace of Justice

Photo 1916 - American Tribunal in Medical Case

Photo 1916 - American Tribunal in Medical Case

Photo 1915 - Dock During SS Doctors' Trial

Photo 1915 - Dock During SS Doctors' Trial

Photo 1914 - Medical Case Defendants

Photo 1914 - Medical Case Defendants

Photo 1921 - Tribunal in Case 3

Photo 1921 - Tribunal in Case 3

Photo 1920 - Charles M. LaFollette

Photo 1920 - Charles M. LaFollette

Photo 1919 - Judges of the People's Courts

Photo 1919 - Judges of the People's Courts

Photo 1918 - Tribunal Case 2

Photo 1918 - Tribunal Case 2

Photo 1901 - The Palace of Justice

Photo 1901 - The Palace of Justice

Photo 1917 - Field Marshal Milch

Photo 1917 - Field Marshal Milch

Photo 1924 - Gen. Lucius D. Clay

Photo 1924 - Gen. Lucius D. Clay