Money Laundering: Business Beware
This Article examines the constitutionality of the Anti-Money Laundering Statutes. Specifically, the Article stresses that the Anti-Money Laundering Statutes, like RICO, are unconstitutionally vague and overbroad when applied to routine business transactions. 6 Accordingly, Part II summarizes the void for vagueness and overbreadth doctrines. Part III sets forth the elements of the Anti-Money Laundering Statutes and then examines these elements under both doctrines. Part IV discusses how the lack of guidelines and, in some cases, the lack of prosecutorial discretion exacerbates the problems of vagueness and overbreadth. The Article concludes with the suggestion that guidelines similar to those adopted for RICO 17 are needed to prevent overzealous prosecutors from applying the Anti-Money Laundering Statutes beyond their intended purpose.