Fate is strange. Sometimes enormously different men who are or will be of great historical interest live contemporaneous lives, wholly unbeknownst to one another. During the period from 1907 until 1913, for example, two such men were living thousands of miles apart, one in Atlanta, Georgia, the other in faraway Vienna, then capital of the doomed Austro-Hungarian Empire. The two men never met, never knew one another, and had nothing in common. One, Benjamin Harvey Hill, Jr. was serving his tenure as the first Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals of Georgia, and the period was perhaps the most memorable stage of his distinguished career of service to his state and to humanity. The other man, Adolf Hitler, was a wretched, bigoted, hate-filled young man who twenty years later would seize power in German and embark on a course of dictatorial government, totalitarianism, and military aggression, topped off by government-ordered and government-authorized mass murders unequaled in this century and perhaps ever. Let us examine these two unparallel lives during the seven year period ending the year before the Sarajevo outrage unleashed a world war.