This article focuses on Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) as part of the Federal National Environmental Policy Act and will therefore not deal with the different State Environmental Policy Acts (SEPA) or their relation to and interaction with Federal legislation. Furthermore, this article will focus upon those issues that are of special relevancy to the possible adoption of EISs into the German legal system. The article will also address cost-benefit issues related to the EIS process. Part VIII (judicial review) will only concentrate on the judicial review of administrative action concerning environmental planning through EISs.