This study analyzes the legal side of the public policy regarding high technology companies. It examines the role of small high technology firms in the national economy. The needs and problems of these firms are analyzed and categorized in order to have an analytical framework in which to examine their relationship with the prevailing legal environment. Finally, on the basis of selected laws and regulations, legal barriers and disincentives and the way to reduce them are examined as well as legal provisions intended to provide incentives and assistance.