Responsibility for damage caused by the misconduct of local government officers and employees has long been a concern of the law and of legal observers. According to most accounts, Anglo-American law historically has responded with two diverse rules: immunity for the governments, and liability for the official; both, however, are only points of departure. Although both rules are well established, each carries its own qualifications and the precise relationship between the two is a matter of some controversy.
R. Perry Sentell Jr.,
Georgia Local Government Officers: Rights for Their Wrongs
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/fac_artchop/103