Originally published online at the Democracy Journal.


This article explores how how the Financial Crisis of 2008 affected the banking industry and brought three specific problems: The first was that the banks and non‐bank financial institutions created due to deregulation were huge, interconnected, and highly leveraged; Second, the panic started in the “shadow banking” sector and showed that the short‐term credit transactions and derivatives that non‐bank financial institutions traded and used for funding for years were similar to banking, and thus prone to runs; and Third, the entire premise of deregulation rested on an assumption that individual firms and market players could accurately calculate and manage risks, or “self‐regulate.” This article discusses whether Dodd-Frank has corrected these problems.