This thesis describes the "intellectual property problem" and how it came to be a focus of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. It addresses the concerns of the developed and the developing world regarding a reform in their intellectual protection regimes. One of the results of this thesis is that reforms that do not stem from developing countries' perceptions of their own interests and needs, and that are not articulated in keeping with broader economic and technological policies, are unlikely to result in stable and predictable rules or to be properly enforced.