The legal status of the teacher refers to his life both inside and outside the classroom. The most obvious part of his job is teaching, which consists of the passing of knowledge to his students. Yet before he enters the classroom, there are issues to be resolved. For instance, the nature of the employment contract must be determined. Since job security is a substantial matter, the teacher needs to know whether the employment contract is at will. If it is not an at-will contract, the reasons for dismissal should be clearly established. The teacher also will be concerned about the prospect of tenure and its conditions. This thesis examines both public and private schools in the United States and Belgium. Particular attention will be paid to the status of teachers in both types of schools in both countries. In Belgium, the tort liability of the teacher is different from that in the U.S.