As of the end of 1997, 29 of the 132 member countries of the WTO had some form of the antidumping regime in operation. Most of the antidumping measures were taken by developed countries, with the United States leading in the number of measures invocated, which lends support to the criticism that the United States has wielded the antidumping law for the purpose of protecting its noncompetitive domestic industry. Attendant to this criticism, and taking the United States antidumping law as a typical model law embodying the Antidumping Agreement, this thesis first looks at the evolution of antidumping law in the United States and its operational scheme. Then it analyzes the United States antidumping law in substantive matters examining whether and how unfair the United States antidumping policy is. Then, this thesis next analyzes the necessity of maintaining the antidumping regime and an appropriate alternative to the antidumping law under the international trade order governed by the World Trade Organization,