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This thesis analyses the implementation of the main international and regional conventions, which guarantees the protection of children s rights and their effectiveness in combating the issue of child trafficking in West Africa. This paper examines both internal and external child trafficking and some of the causes of this menace. The thesis argues that the international and regional conventions, regardless of their efforts to protect the rights of the children, have failed to achieve their purpose especially in the sub­region. In summary, this paper concludes that unless the issue of poverty, which is the underlying factor in the exploitation of children, is tackled head on, the implementation of these conventions would be ineffective in the sub­region